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The publication of two significant reports this month has once again highlighted the pressing environmental issues that humanity will face in the near future. The Global Commission on the Economics of Water published its inaugural report, “Turning the Tide: A Call to Collective Action,” in which it issued a dire warning about the impending global water crisis. By the end of this decade, the research predicts that freshwater demand would be 40% higher than supply. The majority of countries are heavily dependent on their neighbours for water supplies, so the research emphasizes the necessity for states to begin managing water as a global common good. The world’s water supplies are in danger due to overuse, pollution, and climate issue. The report is the first time the global water system has been thoroughly examined, and it lays out in plain words the importance of water to various nations as well as the hazards to their economy if water is disregarded. It is crucial to understand that the global food crisis and the climate problem are fundamentally related to water. Water is a limited resource, and we must all recognize this in order to confront the impending catastrophe. The report serves as a wake-up call to all governments, urging them to begin cooperating to manage water as a global common good in order to guarantee that future generations will have access to this essential resource.

Equally troubling is the second report, which was published by researchers at Israel’s Weizmann Institute of Science. According to the research titled “The Global Biomass of Wild Mammals,” the weight of all wild terrestrial animals on Earth is currently less than 10% of the combined weight of all men, women, and children. According to the survey, there are currently 22 million tonnes worth of wild land mammals living, whereas there are currently about 390 million tonnes worth of people. Due to domesticated species like sheep, cattle, and urban rodents, there are currently 630 million tonnes more creatures competing with wild mammals for Earth’s resources. Pigs alone have roughly twice as much biomass as all other wilderness mammals combined. These numbers make it very clear that humans are actively converting the planet’s wilderness areas and natural habitats into a gigantic global plantation, with dire repercussions for its native wildlife. The analysis demonstrates how badly out of step with reality is the notion that Earth is still a globe with Great Plains and jungles overflowing with wild creatures. With an estimated eight billion people on the planet, the natural world and its wild species are disappearing. The depressing statistics for land mammals in the report were matched by those for marine mammals. The survey discovered that there are almost 40 million tonnes of marine mammals, with fin whales having the highest overall biomass, followed by sperm whales and humpback whales. The impact of humanity on the world was also discovered to be significantly influenced by common pet animals. Whereas domestic cats have a total biomass of about 2 million tonnes, which is nearly twice as much as the African savanna elephant, domestic dogs have a total mass of over 20 million tonnes, which is comparable to the biomass of all wild terrestrial animals. The new statistic, which was computed using a variety of methods, including AI, suggests that the crisis affecting the world’s biodiversity may be far worse than initially thought. The following stage of the investigation will determine how much biomass has been lost during the last 100 years.

These frightening statistics and data show the size of the conflict we are up against. These are international issues that demand an immediate response from all of us. We have all been enlisted in this conflict as Indians and as citizens of the world. We must accept accountability for our behaviours and take steps to lessen their negative effects on the environment. It is critical to understand that the loss of biodiversity threatens not just the well-being of wildlife but also that of humans. Together, we must take action to safeguard the biodiversity and natural riches of our planet for future generations.

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