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Editorial . . . . . . . . 

Every year, the first of October is recognised as International Day for Older Persons. It is specifically observed to encourage elderly citizens to concentrate on their personal duties around the world. This day offers a chance to emphasise the significant contributions older people make to society and to increase understanding of the problems and difficulties associated with ageing in the modern world. It is the proper time to emphasise both their fundamental human rights and the significant contribution they have made to the world. The resilience of Older Persons in a Changing World is the theme of this year’s International Day of Older Persons. The Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing was approved in 2002 by the Second World Assembly on Ageing in order to address the opportunities and problems facing the elderly population in the twenty-first century and to support the inclusive growth of a society for all ages. Several factors contribute to the fact that many older people are unaware of their rights and how to exercise them. In order to advocate for more advanced international thinking and activities on older rights, it is crucial to raise awareness of the International Day of Older Persons. We are undoubtedly faced with the age problem, and as time goes on, the situation is getting worse. Due to medical development, advancements in nutrition, sanitation, medical science, healthcare, education, and economic prosperity, life expectancy has significantly increased in modern times. Ageism is pervasive, a pernicious behaviour, and it has a negative impact on older people’s health. One drawback of modern civilization is the issue of isolation and loneliness. An elderly individual is forced by society to live on an island. Every person on earth experiences the biological truth of ageing. We lose our physical stamina, which causes overall weakness and physical and mental illness. Ageism is predicated on the notion that prejudice against senior citizens is normal and acceptable. “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights,” according to Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. We must take all reasonable steps to ensure that our senior citizens may live with dignity, receive the best medical care, and have both financial and emotional stability. Every stage of life has its own issues that must be handled with caution, intelligence, courage, and strength. In childhood and adolescence, one has parents and other old, close relatives to assist, cooperate with, and mentor them. In addition, one is brimming with vigour, strength, endurance, and courage. But as people age, things start to go the other way. The elderly contribute significantly to both social and economic advancement. They should be inspired to change their retirement mindset and see old age as a second chance to finish all the unfinished business, as well as to broaden their horizons to consider beyond their immediate family and contribute to the community. Older people resemble planets that have lost their gravitational pull and are now lost in the boundless, infinite space because the inherent love and affection that other family members have for them fades as they age. Senior citizens are defined as anyone over the age of 60. In India, there are about 104 million senior persons, 51 million of whom are men and 53 million of whom are women, according to the 2011 Population Census. By 2026, there will be 173 million senior citizens worldwide, according to a report by the United Nations Population Fund (UNPF). The states with the largest percentage of senior citizens are Kerala, Goa, and Tamil Nadu, according to the 2011 Census. The states with the lowest percentage of senior citizens are Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya.

We need to think about how to create a more pleasant and friendly environment that welcomes everyone, especially the old. The inability to address ageism undermines the rights of older people and limits their contributions to social, economic, cultural, and political life. One day, when we are all elderly, we shall go through situations that our elders are going through right now. Long-term care for them is our responsibility in order to facilitate healthy ageing. In Jammu and Kashmir, hardly any such big programme has been organized to honour the contributions of elderly persons and look into the issues faced by them. Certainly,  everyone has to grow old one day. It is a day to applaud the contributions of elderly people to society, which needs to be observed with a vibrant spirit like any other special day.